Author Archives: popen22s

Dulce de Leche

Among the diverse countries of Latin America, one thing they all share is the dessert known as dulce de leche (Spanish) or doce de leite (Portuguese). There are variations on the exact recipe and uses in every country, but all are based on the same two main ingredients: milk and sugar. This particular product made […]

Chilenization of Tacna

Black and white photograph Tacna, Peru/Chile, 1926 The War of the Pacific was a defining South American conflict of the 19th century post-independence era. Though the conflict has officially long been over, its legacy remains part of the national conscience of Bolivia, Peru, and Chile. More than just defining borders, it has become part of […]

Simón Bolívar’s Neceser de Campaña

Early 19th century Wood, Silver, and Bronze When thinking about important historical figures, one can gain a new perspective by looking at their personal belongings. Simón Bolívar’s campaign vanity case, which he would have carried while on the road during the revolutionary period, is one such everyday object which humanizes such an idolized individual. The […]

Figurine of Yemanjá

Brazil, 2011 When thinking about Latin America, the Roman Catholic Church is often considered the major religious influence. However, different immigrant and indigenous groups have often maintained their own beliefs despite this. One example is the traditional African religions brought across the Atlantic, which have been retained and adapted throughout generations while taking on unique […]

Wooden Mission Bell

Southern California, approx. late 18th century Across the many lands they conquered, the most enduring legacy left by the Spaniards is Catholicism. In the former North American territory of New Spain, evidence of this legacy can be seen in the dozens of colonial-era missions dotting the countryside from the Carolinas to the Sonoran Desert. Each […]

The Quya Sullu Wiphala

The wiphala is an emblem representing the native peoples of the Andes. Its several modern varieties represent the four former regions of the Inca Empire, and today it is displayed as a symbol of Inca heritage and indigenous solidarity in Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia. During the days of the Inca Empire, it was allegedly used […]