Author Archives: chou22t

Aztec Calendar Stone

Sculpture; Mexico City, Mexico 1479 (Aztec Sun Stone; courtesy of Wikipedia) The Aztec Calendar Stone, otherwise colloquially known as the Mexica Sun Stone or historically known as the Cuauhxicalli Eagle Bowl, is a giant circular stone sculpture about 12 feet in diameter. The stone it’s carved on is approximately 4 feet thick, and the entire […]

La Doncella (AKA The Maiden)

1500s; Mount Llullaillaco, Argentina; mummy (La Doncella in Museum; courtesy of National Geographic News) In 1999, mummified bodies of children have been found near the peak of Mount Llullaillaco, a volcano on the border of Argentina and Chile. One of these children is known as “La Doncella,” or “the maiden.” She was discovered to be […]

El Cuarto del Rescate (aka The Ransom Room)

Room; Cajamarca, Peru AD 1532-1533 (El Cuarto del Rescate; courtesy of turismoi.pe) In Cajamarca, Peru, there is a room known as El Cuarto del Rescate (which translates  roughly to “The Ransom Room” in English). It measures about 22 feet by 18 feet, and the room is about 15 feet high. The room was used as […]

Huejotzingo Codex

Document; Huejotzingo, Mexico; 1531 CE There are many codices that show up in Latin American history; one of these is the Huejotzingo Codex. The Huejotzingo Codex is famous for depicting the first known picture of the Virgin Mary made by a native (specifically, the picture is Nahuatl). (First page of the codex, courtesy of the Library […]

Piece of Eight

Piece Of Eight Coin; 1589-1598; Potosí, Bolivia (Photo credit: History.org) The Piece of Eight, also known as the Spanish Dollar, is a Spanish coin that was made of silver found in South America. The coins were able to be split into eight different parts, as the American dollar is able to be split into 100 […]

Olmec Were-Jaguars

The Olmecs, one of the first civilizations in modern-day Mexico, revered jaguars. Therefore, jaguars were featured heavily in their artwork. In Mayan language, jaguar and sorcerer were synonymous. The object featured below depicts a hybrid of jaguar and human infant. In Elizabeth Benson’s The Maya World, she describes the Olmec legend about a woman copulating […]