The Telstar was the ball used in the 1970 FIFA World Cup, which took place in Mexico. The ball was first introduced as “Telstar Erlast” for the 1968 Football European Championship (before it was used in the World Cup) and would be used again in future European Football Championships. Telstar had a 32-panel configuration, 12 black pentagonal and 20 white hexagonal panels. More importantly, Telstar had a black-and-white pattern to aid visibility on black and white television broadcasts. The ball also was made of leather and coated with polyurethane to make it waterproof and resistant to damage like tearing.
When it comes to the World Cup, Latin American teams are regularly playing. This is because football is an extremely popular and commercialized sport in Latin America, and attending a game is like showing patriotism. The sport came to Latin America via European engineers, railway workers, and sailors in the late 1800’s. Over time, clubs that played football in several Latin American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay) gained popularity, and different teams competed. By the 1930’s, football had become a professional sport in most of the of the Latin American countries. Furthermore, South America was the first continent to hold a regular continental championship, called the Copa America, which consisted of all of the South American countries.
Specifically in the 1970 World Cup, Brazil was the winner with Italy as the Runner-Up. The Brazilian team was led by Carlos Alberto and was composed of significant footballers like Roberto Rivelino and Pele. In total, Brazil has won five world cups (1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002), the most any country has won. However, they have a fierce rivalry with Argentina. Also, Brazil is preparing to host the World Cup again in 2014 and the Olympics in 2016.
In addition to trade and economic disagreements, Brazil and Argentina have a highly competitive football rivalry. Totally, of the 101 games played between both national teams, 24 have been draws, 40 have been Brazilian victories, and 37 have been Argentinian victories. Also, there have been several incidences that have occurred during the matches between the two countries. For example, in 1937 at the South American Championship, the Brazilian team had to leave the stadium early in for their own safety as Argentina had scored two goals in overtime, and the fans of the two countries had become extremely aggressive. Other incidences have occurred in World Cup, Copa America, and Olympic matches.
Presently, Brazil is getting ready to host the World Cup in 2014, and the Olympics in 2016. The Macarena stadium in Rio de Janeiro is being rebuilt for the 2013 Confederations Cup and 2014 World Cup. The world record for attendance of the World Cup was at the Macarena during the final of the 1950 World Cup, when attendance listed between 199.000 and 205,000. Even though there have been setbacks, the stadium should be ready to stage matches for the Confederations Cup in June 2013. As well as renovating and building stadiums, the Olympic Village is currently being built in Brazil. Also, to prepare for the World Cup and the Olympics, Brazil is currently trying to modernize its airports and strengthen its internal security.
Overall, football is closely connected to Latin American countries. Countries have rivals over the game to the point when it is not safe for the players to play. The game was introduced to Latin America by Europeans, and all it took for it to gain popularity were several individuals and a football.
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